Breast Pain – 7 Possible Causes

Regular breast pain does not have to be associated with a dangerous condition, but if it occurs, it is important to consult a doctor to rule out any possible complications. Read this article to find out more!
Breast pain - 7 possible causes

Most women experience breast pain or tenderness in one or both breasts at some point in their lives. Breast pain is a common symptom that can cause anxiety, as many people associate it with breast cancer or inflammatory conditions.

In fact , breast pain can be caused by many factors, and while these conditions should not be ruled out, they are almost always caused by hormonal changes.

However, many people are unaware of what causes breast pain may be, so in today’s article we would like to discuss the seven main causes. Here they are!

1. Breast pain and hormonal factors

Regular hormonal fluctuations are a major cause of breast tenderness and pain. After starting their menstrual cycle, young women often experience breast pain in the days leading up to their period.

  • It is also common among people who suffer from PMS and have irregular periods.
  • In some cases, pain may develop in the middle of the menstrual cycle, during ovulation.
  • The use of birth control pills and hormone replacement therapy can also cause breast pain.

2. Cysts in the breast

Cysts are fluid-filled sacs that form in the breast tissue. They can appear after the mammary glands get bigger, which may be due to hormonal changes or problems related to inflammation.

While cysts can be visible or painful, and can even be mistaken for breast cancer, they are a mild problem that is easily treated.

3. Breast abscesses

In some cases, the feeling of heaviness or pain in the breasts may be caused by an inflammation known as an abscess. Abscesses are caused by a build-up of pus in the breast tissue, creating small lumps that can be painful when touched.

The root cause is bacteria entering the breast through the nipple or through dry cracks that can form during breastfeeding.

Breast examination and breast pain
  • It is important to seek medical attention as antibiotics are usually needed to fight this infection.

4. Breast cancer

The inflammation and pain of breast tissue may be related to breast cancer, especially if it keeps coming back. Although cancer is a possible cause, breast tenderness is rarely caused by this condition.

Breast pain caused by cancer is a symptom that comes on gradually as cancer develops. That is why when you feel pain from breast cancer, chances are that you have noticed other symptoms of breast cancer.

5. Pregnancy


Pregnancy and breast pain
  • Women who are pregnant for the first time or younger women will feel greater breast tenderness.
  • During the first trimester of pregnancy, your breasts keep growing and in addition to pain, you may also notice small blue veins that indicate increased blood flow in this area.

6. Breastfeeding

Although breastfeeding is a special time when a mother bonds with her baby, breast pain and tenderness are inevitable. Whether a woman is breastfeeding or not, increased milk production and hormonal activity cause uncomfortable pain.

In addition, when the breasts become dry or when the skin on the breasts breaks, there is a likelihood of a bacterial or fungal infection. If the pain is regular and does not go away over time, it is important to talk to your doctor about a possible infection.

7. Mastitis

Mastitis is an inflammation that arises during lactation. The cause is clogging of the milk ducts.


This condition can be caused by a virus, bacteria, or fungal attack on the breast tissue, which in turn initiates an inflammatory response.

In addition to pain, mastitis may be accompanied by the following symptoms:

  • Reddening
  • Inflammation
  • Fever
  • Fatigue
  • General discomfort

Did you know these causes of breast pain before? As you can see, this delicate part of the body can be influenced by various factors. If you suspect a breast problem, discuss your symptoms with your doctor.

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