Cradle cap is a rash characterized by red, scaly skin lesions. Baby acne is the appearance of red spots on the baby’s face. By reading today’s article you will learn how to treat cradle cap and baby acne!
Cradle cap and baby acne are skin diseases that appear early, practically right after the baby is born. Learn how to treat cradle cap and baby acne.
It is worth noting that cradle cap mainly affects the baby’s scalp. However, it can spread to the face, mainly in the middle and to skin folds around the nose, behind the ears, on the neck, in the navel, under the arms or in the groin.
Cradle cap is a rash characterized by red, scaly skin lesions. They may be covered with greasy looking yellowish patches. These stains may be painless or itchy. While they can be difficult to get rid of, they are mild and usually go away on their own.
Causes of cradle cap
The exact causes of this condition are unknown. One possible cause is that the sebaceous glands on the baby’s skull build up too much sebum.
Another possible cause, although not fully validated in children, is the multiplication of certain types of microorganisms that normally live on the skin. For example, it could be a type of yeast (fungus) called Malassezia .
One more factor that may play a role is genetic predisposition. However, this possibility has not yet been sufficiently explored. In any case, this condition is not contagious or dangerous, nor is it caused by allergies or poor hygiene.
How to cure cradle cap?
The prognosis for treating cradle cap is good as it can heal on its own. For this reason, treatment should not be aggressive. The Spanish Pediatric Association recommends the following treatments:
- Topical corticosteroids. Moderate topical corticosteroids are the treatment of choice. They often bring improvement after just a few days of use.
- Keratolytics. You can apply salicylic ointment with 3% or 5% petroleum jelly to your baby’s scalp to thin out the lesions. You can also apply oily substances such as olive oil. Leave them for an hour or two and then clean them. You can then apply a medium-strength corticosteroid ointment.
- Shampoos. Shampoos with sulfur, zinc pyrithione, or tar can also be helpful. However, it is worth personalizing the treatment as it can irritate your baby’s skin.
- Antifungal agents. Given the potential role of fungi in this condition, you can use anti-fungal ointments or shampoos, depending on the location of the stains. They are usually slower than topical corticosteroids.
- Oral corticosteroids. In very diffuse and severe cases, your doctor may prescribe oral corticosteroids.
Hygienic rules to treat cradle cap
You can apply special lotions, gels, non-greasy creams or emulsions to your baby’s scalp. These products can reduce excess sebum and inflammation. Thus, they reduce redness, soothe the skin and help remove skin changes.
To apply them correctly, you should follow these guidelines:
- Apply a small amount to your baby’s scalp. For seborrheic dermatitis on the face, you can also apply them to the affected areas of the face. Then massage them gently with your fingertips.
- Wash your baby’s hair with a mild shampoo and rinse thoroughly so that no residue is left behind.
Avoiding scratching plays an important role. This will help reduce the risk of developing an infection. If an infection develops, antibiotics may be necessary.
Baby acne and its treatment
Baby acne may develop in the first two weeks of life. It causes red spots to appear on the baby’s face, especially the cheeks, forehead and sometimes the back.
Both the pimples and the skin around them turn red. The baby’s condition may be aggravated by warmth or nervousness. Baby acne usually disappears by itself, without any dermatological treatment, a few months after its onset.
Hygiene rules facilitating the treatment of baby acne
The following tips can help you care for your baby’s skin when they have baby acne:
- Make sure your baby’s face is always clean. Remember to wash your baby’s face daily using warm water and a mild baby soap.
- Gently pat your baby’s skin dry. Dry it by gently pressing the towel.
- Do not squeeze or rub the acne developing area. This could cause more irritation or infection.
- Avoid applying lotions and oils to your baby’s face.
We hope you have found the information on cradle cap and baby acne in this article helpful.